Poles like to wish each other good health (na zdrowie – on health) a lot. When coming to Poland you might hear it often, especially in below situations:
• When somedbody sneeze (po polsku- kichać) Poles usually reply – na zdrowie. Although it is criticized by modern savior-vivre guide books, this custom holds strong in Poland – after you sneeze you may sometimes hear na zdrowie even from complete strangers. Usual response is to thank for good wishes by saying simply – dziękuję.
Practice of wishing somebody good health after sneezing is very old however it become popular in Middle Ages. Sneezing was one of the symptoms of illness or as it was believed had a magical/ spiritual meaning (for example as an act of getting rid of evil spirits).
• While drinking na zdrowie is equivalent of English “cheers”. There is no common ceremony connected with that, however it is usually preceded by clinking glassed and if it is vodka – drank na raz (as one shot), with or without popitka – juice, cola as chaser.
Check out some na zdrowie quotes from various famous movies- not all of them might me Polish na zdrowie though, as this toast is similar in several Slavic languages.